Best Decking Materials: Wood, Composite, Aluminum & More

By HomeAdvisor

Updated September 27, 2022

residential deck by shore

Reviewed by Bob Tschudi, Home Building and Remodeling Expert.

Deck Materials Comparison

There’s something liberating about spending time outside on a deck. Whether you make it a private retreat shaded by vegetation or an energetic entertainment area complete with a built-in BBQ, this outdoor living space is often the most enjoyable area of a home. And when you resell your house, you can expect to recover about 75% of your investment

Before you start building, you want to make sure that the material you choose matches the exterior of your home and fits your lifestyle. This guide on some of the most popular decking materials will help you decide.

On This Page:

See MoreHide ^

6 Best Wood Decking Material

Material Cost Per Square Foot Advantages
Ipe $20-$25+ Looks great, strong
Redwood $4-$6 Excellent color, affordable
Cedar $17-$22 Classic look
Bamboo $4-$6 Durable, sustainable
Mahogany $8-$30 Natural color, resilience
Pressure-Treated Pine $2-$3 Widely available

Wood decking is the most common choice for homes. Durable and strong, it offers a classic look that complements virtually any style of home. The smooth planks stay cool and feel good on bare feet, making them a natural choice for building your outdoor oasis. Softwoods are fairly easy for a novice do-it-yourselfer to work with. Hardwoods generally require a stronger skill set.

Wood decks need regular care every few years, including:

Without proper maintenance, it will absorb stains—especially red wine or BBQ sauce—and will be more prone to cracking, rotting and warping.

1. Ipe Hardwood Decking Materials

ipe decking boards near pool
  • Hardwood from Brazil
  • $20-$25 per square foot
  • One of the most expensive materials
  • Can last 30-75 years with expert installation and proper care
  • Resistant to scratching
  • Features a stunning, dark color

2. Redwood Decking

mahogany wood decking boards
  • $4-$6 per square foot
  • One of the most-affordable options
  • Widely available in the Western U.S.
  • Best-known for the red-to-white color range
  • Features a look unique to any other species
  • Can be prone to scratching and fading

3. Cedar

a cedar deck
  • $17-$22 per square foot
  • Similar to redwood but can be harder to find
  • Lifespan about 20 years
  • Western Red Cedar, the most common species, starts out red and fades quickly to gray
  • Takes re-staining well
Consult With Deck Installers Near You

4. Bamboo Decking Materials

bamboo deck boards
  • $4-$6 per square foot
  • Not wood, but a series of compressed stalks
  • Works well inside or outside
  • Replicates within 3-5 years, making it a more-sustainable option
  • Fairly new material for outside, so durability isn’t clear
  • Rapid development in the industry means new and better bamboo products each year

5. Mahogany

mahogany wood decking boards
  • $8-$30 per square foot
  • Like Ipe, it is an exotic hardwood that can be harder to get
  • The rich red and orange hues have been a feature of American homes for centuries

6. Pressure-Treated Pine

pine deck
  • $10-$12 per square foot
  • You can sometimes find it cheaper
  • Usually lasts 10-15 years
  • Most popular of all types for price and common appearance
Consult With Deck Installers Near You

Alternative Decking Material Options

Material Price Per Square Foot Benefits
Composite/Plastic $4-$13 Predictable, long-lasting
Aluminum $6-$15 Durable, low-maintenance
Fiberglass Call contractor for pricing Weather-resistant
Cement/Concrete $1-$6 Affordable, durable
Stone $3-$15 Stylish, strong
Rubber $10-$16 Slip-resistant

Composite, Plastic & PVC

beautifully decorated composite deck
Type Pros Cons
Composite Durable, looks like real wood Can’t refinish
Plastic Multiple colors and styles May expand and contract in heat
PVC/Vinyl Highly sustainable Could sag or crack over time

Plastic or composite decking costs $4 to $13 per square foot and lasts 10 to 25 years. It is an environmentally-friendly choice for those who love the look of wood but aren’t enamored with the upkeep.

Common types include:

  • Wood composite (sometimes called laminate)
  • Plastic composite, sometimes referred to as resin
  • Polypropylene (Poly)
  • Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
  • 100% Recycled Plastic

Smooth and splinter-free, this lightweight material is strong enough to withstand the harshest elements of nature. Composite decking often fades with prolonged exposure to the sun, so this may not be the ideal choice for a west-or-south-facing location. Plastic is less likely to lose color.

Aluminum Decking

Aluminum Decking Pros and Cons
Pros Cons
Attractive May dent or scratch
Easy to clean Reflects heat
Long-lasting Saltwater corrodes it

Anodized aluminum decking costs $6 to $15 per square foot. It offers a modern look that pairs well with contemporary style homes and can last 30 to 50 years. It is also a viable choice for destination locations near natural streams or manmade water features. The textured finish boasts added traction. It stays cool, making it barefoot-friendly even in sweltering temperatures. However, it is not appropriate for coastal homes because the saltwater will corrode it.

Like synthetic decking materials, aluminum is virtually maintenance-free. It will not rust or rot and resists mold and mildew. All it requires is a quick sweep to keep it free of dirt and debris or an occasional hose down to remove bird droppings or sap.

Fiberglass Deck Materials

Fiberglass deck materials are some of the most weather-resistant. Like the fiberglass component in asphalt roofing, it does not absorb water. The flexible surface allows snow or ice to run off. Since it does not corrode, it is ideal for roof decks or coastal regions. To find out pricing for your project, consult a local pro.

Cement Board or Concrete Deck

cement deck on side of house

At an attractive price of $1 to $6 per square foot, concrete isn’t just for patios anymore. Although this material can be much heavier than other deck options, the right support makes it possible. Homeowners love cement’s ability to withstand the worst weather conditions. Precast boards and color options ensure a strong surface that looks as trendy as wood without the work.

Stone Deck

For a cost range of $3 to $15 per square foot, you can give your deck a patio look. Stone pavers are appropriate for any surface with a quality substructure. These bricks can be made from a variety of materials, including:

  • natural stone, like granite or travertine
  • concrete
  • porcelain

The pavers may crack under very cold weather. They often require a non-slip coating to prevent falls in wet conditions.


Rubber decking costs $10 to $16 per square foot. The price of poured-in-place rubber surfacing runs $1,800 to $3,500 for about 140 square feet. Like concrete, you can get it in precast forms or poured to create a solid surface that is safer than any other type. Since it is synthetic, it’s less likely to rot. The flexible material maintains a moderate weather-resistance, although it can degrade over time.

Consult With Deck Installers Near You


What’s the best decking material for full sun?

The best decking material for full sun is plastic or aluminum. These types stay cooler in heat and are less likely to fade.

What’s the best all-weather decking material?

The best all-weather decking material is fiberglass or concrete. Aluminum may also be a good choice if you don’t live too close to the coast, since salt can corrode this metal.

What’s the best non-combustible option?

The best decking material for fire-resistance is aluminum. Other products, such as wood composite, contain retardants to prevent fire spreading. However, they may melt at a lower temperature.

What’s the cheapest decking material?

The cheapest decking material is usually pressure-treated pine, which can cost as little as $2 to $3 per square foot. There are solid wood and composite options that run $4 to $5 per square foot. Keep in mind that you get what you pay for. Rock-bottom prices may indicate a low-quality product.

What’s the best type of deck material for a patio, porch or balcony?

The best material for a patio, porch or balcony is composite or pressure-treated wood. These types are the most popular for their balance of affordability and durability. The biggest difference between decks vs. patios is that a deck or balcony stands above, while patios and porches may sit directly on the ground.

What should I choose if I want a lightweight deck?

Deck materials that weigh the least include:

  • Aluminum
  • Composite
  • PVC

In some cases, lower weight may mean that the product will provide less support.

Can I build a deck out of steel or galvanized metal?

Steel or galvanized metal decks typically aren’t used outside of industrial applications. However, substructures made of these materials are common for their strength and durability.

What’s the best non-slip floor plank for a rooftop or pool deck?

Rubber is soft, flexible and minimizes slipping. It is ideal for pool decks and other areas where falls are common.

What’s the most eco-friendly decking?

The eco-friendliest decking materials are aluminum or 100% recycled PVC. They’re made primarily of old material. They are easy to recycle when you are ready to replace them.

Which deck planks come in tongue-and-groove?

You can find deck planks with a tongue-and-groove in:

  • wood
  • wood composite
  • plastic

Unlike indoor flooring, this style does not mean that you can install a floating floor. Grooved planks still need screws or hidden fasteners.

What’s the best railing material?

The best railing material depends on your deck boards and the design. Wood is the most popular, but wood and aluminum also make a good combination.

What other deck building materials do I need?

  • posts
  • balusters or cable railing
  • concrete base for the posts
  • substructure, like the beams and joists
  • hardware (nails or screws, joist hangers, carriage bolts, lag screws)

What’s the best non-wood material for my region?

State Best Materials Not Recommended
Florida Wood composite or PVC Aluminum
Colorado Wood composite Plastic
Arizona Wood composite 100% PVC
Washington Wood composite or Plastic Aluminum
New Jersey Wood composite Aluminum
Consult With Deck Installers Near You

Decking Material Reviews

The right material for you depends on style, price, region and your plans for the project. Talk to a deck builder near you to help you choose your type.

Which decking material do you like best for your home? Share your experience.


  1. Kenneth Gladman, April 27:

    We love spending time outside so we use our deck quite a bit. We have a vinyl deck and we love it because it is very low maintenance and durable. I think it is a great option if you have bad weather where you live.

  2. Barry Lory, September 11:

    In South Carolina and re-decking a 1k sq. ft. older wood deck. Frame & joists in good shape. Joists are at 16″ O.C. Looking at Azek PVC (Island Oak) but would prefer 12″ O.C. for a more stable feel. In lieu of this choice do you have any recommendation to the contrary? House is gray with a soft modern look. Open to decking that doesn’t require 12″ O.C. joists and that may weather silver gray. Thank you!

Are You Familiar With This Topic? Share Your Experience.

Compare quotes from local pros Compare Quotes
Return to Top